When your child transitions from kindergarten to first grade, it is a significant milestone in their life. Although every child is unique, there are certain physical, social, cognitive and emotional milestones they should achieve before they begin first grade. So, if you’re not sure where to start, here are 10 important skills to teach and practice with your child.
1. Speak in Full Sentences
Your child should be able to speak in grammatically correct, full sentences. They should be able to express their thoughts, feelings and needs through coherent words and sentences by this stage. It doesn’t have to be entirely flawless speech, but adults and children alike should be able to understand what your child wants to get across.
2. Recognize and Write the Alphabet
By the time they complete kindergarten, your child should be able to recognize lower and uppercase letters. They should be able to write them legibly, too. Practice writing letters with your child on an alphabet writing tablet, game or even a plain piece of lined paper.
3. Prepared for Reading
The ability to match letters and words to sounds is the first step to independent reading. Your child should be able to do that before first grade. They should also understand the sequence of events in simple stories and the messages conveyed through them. Read with your child often. Also, make sure to allow them time to understand the meaning behind a story on their own with little to no help.
4. Counting Skills
Your child should be adept at basic counting. They should understand grouping and sequencing, too. Also, they should be able to compare the number of objects in different groups. There are many tools like games, books, videos and toys that can help you teach your kids to count.
5. Understanding Basic Mathematical Concepts
Your child should have a fundamental understanding of mathematical concepts like measurement, shapes and patterns. Also, they should have a sense of time and understand the calendar.