Kindergarten marks your child’s official entry into the formal education system. This is where they will formally learn about letters, numbers, sounds, words as well as some of the basic critical skills. Remember, school is a new environment your child isn’t familiar with, so it may take time for them to get accustomed to it.
It is also the year when your child will adjust to the long-term school environment. They will learn the rules, and adapt to the typical school routines and schedules. Although the academic curriculum will vary across different regions, the key milestones every child achieves by the end of the school year basically remain the same. So here are four of the basic critical skills your child will learn in kindergarten.
Kindergarten introduces children to letters, words, and books. Some children will even take their first steps toward reading on their own. The focus is on developing basic reading skills through letter awareness, phonic recognition, letter blending, and guided reading. They will also learn some simple words and short sentences. Your child will be doing a lot more writing than they did in preschool. They will learn to write both uppercase and lowercase letters.
They will be learning a list of sight words and using them in reading and writing. Parents can help their children improve their literacy skills by reading with them at home, pointing them to the words seen around them, and practicing sight words. You can help your child with writing by purchasing alphabet books. Or, write some letters yourself and have your child copy them until they get a grasp of proper writing.
Kindergarten children will learn to count and work with groups of numbers. The teacher will introduce basic addition and subtraction at this stage. They will also slowly present concepts like time, shapes and measurements.
Your child will also work with patterns, sequencing, comparing, and sorting objects they will base on different attributes. Parents can encourage their children to practice at home by looking at shapes around them and involving them in sorting things at home. Be sure to look for daily opportunities and activities to practice addition and subtraction.
Basic concepts in science like the weather, seasons, plants, and animals will be a part of the curriculum. Your child will learn scientific inquiry through exploration and observation. In kindergarten, they encourage your child to make connections between things. They will perform simple experiments to gain a better understanding of the various scientific concepts. This sets the foundation for developing a scientific attitude as they grow older.
At home, you can spend some time outside and allow your child to point out specific bits and scenes of nature. Talk about animal behavior such as hibernation and how wildlife comes back into the open in the spring.
4. Social skills
As children learn about themselves, their families and their neighborhood, their curiosity about the world around them will be stimulated. They will also learn about other communities and cultures.
The structured school environment teaches them to understand and follow instructions. Parents will notice their thoughts and actions becoming more mature and their ability to focus on tasks improving.
They will acquire the necessary skills to behave appropriately in emergencies, co-operate with other children, and adjust to different situations. By the end of the school year, they will be a lot more disciplined than when they began.
One necessary form of training is to teach your child what to do in case of emergencies. One of the most familiar tasks is what they should do if there were ever a fire. Fire drills are one of the most common forms of school emergency tactics. So, teaching your child the dangers of fire and opening their minds to following rules and cooperating with trusted adults in such a situation should be mandatory.
Your child will grow, learn and develop during the kindergarten year. There is a lot for them to learn, but with these insights and tips, you can make it easier for them.