Kindergarten marks a child’s official entry into the formal education system, and this is where they will be introduced formally to letters, numbers, sounds, words, and many more fundamental concepts.
We should remember that school is a new environment that your child isn’t familiar with, and it will take time for them to get accustomed to it.
It is also the year when they will adjust to the long-term school environment, learn rules, and adapt to a typical school routine and schedule.
Although the academic curriculum will vary across different regions, the key milestones every child is expected to achieve by the end of the school year basically remains the same. Let us find out what they are so that you and your children can get a head start in progress.
Children will be introduced to letters, words, and books, and they are encouraged to take their first steps towards reading on their own. The focus is on developing basic reading skills through letter awareness, phonic recognition, letter blending, and guided reading. They will be taught simple words and short sentences.
Children will be doing a lot more writing than they did in preschool and will learn to write both uppercase and lowercase letters. They will be learning a list of sight words and using them in reading and writing. Parents can help their children improve their literacy skills by reading with them at home, pointing them to the words seen around them, and practicing sight words.
You can also help them more with writing by purchasing alphabet books or writing letters yourself and having your child copy them until they get a grasp of proper writing.
Kindergarten children are taught to count and work with groups of numbers. Basic addition and subtraction will be introduced at this stage. Concepts like time, shapes and measurements are slowly introduced.
Children will also work with patterns, sequencing, comparing, and sorting objects based on different attributes. Parents can encourage their child to practice at home by looking at shapes around them, involving them in sorting things at home, and exploring opportunities to practice addition and subtraction in day-to-day activities.
Basic concepts in science like the weather, seasons, plants, and animals are woven into the curriculum. Scientific inquiry is promoted through exploration and observation.
Children are encouraged to make connections between things and perform simple experiments to gain a better understanding of concepts. This sets the foundation for developing a scientific attitude as they grow older.
At home, you can spend some time outside and allow your child to point out specific bits and scenes of nature. Talk about animal behavior such as hibernation and how wildlife comes back into the open in the spring.
As children learn about themselves, their families and neighborhood, their curiosity about the world around them will be stimulated. They will also learn about other communities and cultures.
The structured school environment teaches them to understand and follow instructions. Parents will notice their thoughts and actions becoming more mature and their ability to focus on tasks improving.
They will acquire the necessary skills to behave appropriately in emergencies, co-operate with other children, and adjust to different situations. By the end of the school year, they are expected to be a lot more disciplined than when they began.
One necessary form of training is to teach your child what to do in case of emergencies; one of the most familiar tasks being what they should do if there were ever a fire. Fire drills are one of the most common forms of school emergency tactics; so, teaching your child the dangers of fire and opening their minds to following rules cooperating with trusted adults in such a situation should be mandatory.